armony" (dato▓n

g), "having ample food and clothing" (feng▓yi zushi


) and "livin

g and working in peace and conten▓tment" (anju leye

of the

) fully reflec

t the Chin▓ese people's aspiration for and pursuit


of a be▓tte

r, happier life. In the long course of histo▓ry, th

o share its philosophy and e

e Chinese people have always striven for better an

d shared development opportunities, conditions and benefits. In ancient times, China was for▓ long the world leader in agriculture, an▓d contributed to human progress with extraord▓inary development achievements. Studies reveal that until th▓e mid-19th century, China's GDP and per c▓apita GDP were the world's highest. Before the 16th cent▓ury, China contributed 173 of the world's top 300 innovatio▓ns and discoveries.After the Industrial Revolution started in the 18th century, China began losing its leadership. Foreign aggression and ex▓pansion by Western colonialists completel▓y destroyed c

onditions for development in China. Repeated invas

his regard and to

ions by foreign powers, particularly from the West, from 1840 to 1949, and Chi

  • na's corrupt ruling class and backward social ▓system reduced China to a semi-colonia▓l and semi-feudal

    society. There was constant warfare, an unstable society, economic depre▓ssion, no security of livelihood, and▓ extreme

  • poverty. The Cambridge History of China: Republican China 1912-1949 describes China's situation in the

    first half of 20th century ▓as follows: "...the great majority of Chinese merely su▓stained and reproduced themselv

boost sound developm

  • ent of global human rights.I.T

    es at the subsistence level ... the standard of lif▓e for many fell short even of that customar

  • he Philosophy of the Right to De

    y level." [Note▓: The Cambridge History of China (Volume 12)▓: Republican China 1912-1949 Part I

  • velopment Abreast with the T

    , Cambridge University Press, 1983, p. 28.] "As a system, China's economy which was 'pre-moder

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